by: Nikole Krystel V. Cortez
Prevention is better than cure.
Proven and true. But everytime we encounter such lines, health consciousness immediately flashes into our minds which is quite wrong and must not just be limited to it. Series of natural and man-made calamities are worth to be cautious of. Prudent moves must be taken into serious considerations.
Earthquakes, floods, droughts, landslides, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, typhoons and recently, super typhoons. These are just few of the natural calamities that cause terrible loss, ultimately threatening the lives and properties of people leaving nothing but shattered dreams and precious lives destroyed.
To reduce catastrophe, the government created the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), an agency mandated to adapt ways to promote people’s awareness on calamity and disaster preparedness and ensure its efficiency. Bueza (2014) states that “the NDRRMC is tasked to come up with a framework for disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM), as well as supervise preparations for, and responses to, natural calamities and human-induced disasters.”
According to UPweb_wordpress (2010) the National Council is being enabled with “policy-making, coordination, integration, supervision, monitoring and evaluation functions” and is responsible of developing a National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund that will provide for a means of addressing disaster risk reduction and management.
Also, NDRRMC is expected to confide with the President in making decisions regarding DRRM and give advice with regards the corresponding actions that should be taken during calamities like declaring a state of calamity in places severely damaged; it is charged as well to make adequate actions that will protect the citizens and secure their livelihood; and to assist in the recovery of the people after every catastrophe (UPweb_wordpress, 2010).
Further, UPweb_wordpress (2010) cited that it is the responsibility of the NDRRMC to “establish a national early warning and emergency alert system to provide accurate and timely advice to national or local emergency response organizations and to the general public.”
All these efforts of the NDRRMC will be of no worth without bringing all these provisions into actions, and without strong perseverance from our local authorities. According to the Local Government Code of 1991, as cited by Bueza (2014), “local government units (LGUs) are expected to be at the frontline of emergency measures in the aftermath of disasters to ensure the general welfare of its constituents.”
The efforts of mayor Ewit Villacarillo of Dolores, Eastern Samar, on her persistence in enforcing her no-mans-land order on seaward villages on her town during the typhoon Ruby is worth citing for. Instinctly, hard-headed villagers refuse to vacate their place. So firm to safeguard her people, she went out and personally led a team of soldiers and local policemen to a forced-evacuation operation. Bueza (2014) said that one of the roles of local government officials during disasters is to “carry out such emergency measures as may be necessary during, and in the aftermath of, man-made and natural disasters and calamities.”
Determined to further promote public disaster preparedness and safety awareness, series of various activities such as safety drills, symposiums, lectures, and mass media programs were launched. Although these efforts seemingly didn’t draw much serious attention from the public, we have started trumpeting it, at least. We must go forward, fixed to engross public minds to meaningfully accept— that prevention is really better than cure.
Let us bear in our mind always, with utmost regards—this is our lives, we’re responsible of taking care of it. DRRM and all other authorities are just there to formulate measures to assist and guide us during calamities, but the performance of those basic safety measures still depend on upon us was designed just for our guidance.
During calamities, and in most cases, there’s no point or value of worrying and wallowing, because at the end of every calamity you will know, that it isn’t really worth it. Cowardice kills, so too much bravery too. Just be cautious enough. Keep calm and be wise. Be aware and alert. Devil-may-care attitudes will bring us worst.
No hazards..? Learn to be safe!
UPweb_wordpress. (2010). Salient Points of Republic Act 10121 or the Philippine Disaster and Risk Reduction Management Act of 2010. Retrieved from http://www.up.edu.ph/salient-points-of-republic-act-10121-or-the-philippine-disaster-and-risk-reduction-management-act-of-2010/
Buenza, M. (2014). The role of LGUs, local councils during disasters. Retrieved from http://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/44026-role-lgu-local-councils-disasters
Salient Points of Republic Act 10121 or the Philippine Disaster and Risk Reduction Management Act of 2010
Posted on June 16, 2014 by upweb_wordpress in Tulong UP, UP Forum
Sec. 5 National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council.
The National Council shall be headed by the Secretary of the Department of National Defense (DND) as Chairperson with the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) as Vice Chairperson for Disaster Preparedness, the Secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) as Vice Chairperson for Disaster Response, the Secretary of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) as Vice Chairperson for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, and the Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) as Vice Chairperson for Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery.
SEC. 6. Powers and Functions of the NDRRMC.
The National Council, being empowered with policy-making, coordination, integration, supervision, monitoring and evaluation functions, shall have the following responsibilities:
(a) Develop a NDRRMF which shall provide for a comprehensive, all-hazards, multi-sectoral, inter-agency and community-based approach to disaster risk reduction and management. The Framework shall serve as the principal guide to disaster risk reduction and management efforts in the country and shall be reviewed on a five(5)-year interval, or as may be deemed necessary, in order to ensure its relevance to the times;
(b) Ensure that the NDRRMP is consistent with the NDRRMF;
(c) Advise the President on the status of (disaster preparedness, prevention, mitigation, response and rehabilitation operations being undertaken by the government, CSOs, private sector, and volunteers; recommend to the President the declaration of a state of calamity in areas extensively damaged; and submit proposals to restore normalcy in the affected areas, to include calamity fund allocation;
(d) Ensure a multi-stakeholder participation in the development, updating, and sharing of a Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Information System and
Geographic Information System-based national risk map as policy, planning and decision-making tools;
(e) Establish a national early warning and emergency alert system to provide accurate and timely advice to national or local emergency response organizations and to the general public through diverse mass media to include digital and analog broadcast, cable, satellite television and radio, wireless communications, and landline communications;
(f) Develop appropriate risk transfer mechanisms that shall guarantee social and economic protection and increase resiliency in the face of disaster;
(g) Monitor the development and enforcement by agencies and organizations of the various laws, guidelines, codes or technical standards required by this Act;
SEC. 10. Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Organization at the Regional Level.
The current Regional Disaster Coordinating Councils shall henceforth be known as the Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (RDRRMCs) which shall coordinate, integrate, supervise, and evaluate the activities of the LDRRMCs. The RDRRMC shall be responsible in ensuring disaster sensitive regional development plans, and in case of emergencies shall convene the different regional line agencies and concerned institutions and authorities.
The RDRRMCs shall establish an operating facility to be known as the Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Operations Center (RDRRMOC) whenever necessary.
The civil defense officers of the OCD who are or may be designated as Regional Directors of the OCD shall serve as chairpersons of the RDRRMCs. Its Vice Chairpersons shall be the Regional Directors of the DSWD, the DILG, the DOST, and the NEDA. In the case of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), the Regional Governor shall be the RDRRMC Chairperson. The existing regional offices of the OCD shall serve as secretariat of the RDRRMCs. The RDRRMCs shall be composed of the executives of regional offices and field stations at the regional level of the government agencies.
SEC. 11. Organization at the Local Government Level.
The existing Provincial, City, and Municipal Disaster Coordinating Councils shall henceforth be known as the Provincial, City, and Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils. The Barangay Disaster Coordinating Councils shall cease to exist and its powers and functions shall henceforth be assumed by the existing Barangay Development Councils (BDCs) which shall serve as the LDRRMCs in every barangay.
(a) Composition: The LDRRMC shall be composed of, but not limited to, the following: (1) The Local Chief Executives, Chairperson; (2) The Local Planning and Development Officer, member; (3) The Head of the LDRRMO, member; (4) The Head of the Local Social Welfare and Development Office, member; (5) The Head of the Local Health Office, member; (6) The Head of the Local Agriculture Office, member; (7) The Head of the Gender and Development Office, member; (8) The Head of the Local Engineering Office, member; (9) The Head of the Local Veterinary Office, member; (10) The Head of the Local Budget Office, member; (11) The Division Head/Superintendent of Schools of the DepED, member; (12) The highest-ranking officer of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) assigned in the area, member; (13) The Provincial Director/City/Municipal Chief of the Philippine National Police (PNP), member; (14) The Provincial Director/City/ Municipal Fire Marshall of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP), member; (15) The President of the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC), member; (16) The Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC), member; (17) Four (4) accredited CSOs, members; and (18) One (1) private sector representative, member.
(b) The LDRRMCs shall have the following functions: (1) Approve, monitor and evaluate the implementation of the LDRRMPs and regularly review and test the plan consistent with other national and local planning programs; (2) Ensure the integration of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation into local development plans, programs and budgets as a strategy in sustainable development and poverty reduction; (3) Recommend the implementation of forced or preemptive evacuation of local residents, if necessary; and (4) Convene the local council once every three (3) months or as necessary.
SEC. 12. Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (LDRRMO).
(a) There shall be established an LDRRMO in every province, city and municipality, and a Barangay Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Committee (BDRRMC) in every barangay which shall be responsible for setting the direction, development, implementation and coordination of disaster risk management programs within their territorial jurisdiction.
(b) The LDRRMO shall be under the office of the governor, city or municipal mayor, and the punong barangay in case of the BDRRMC. The LDRRMOs shall be initially organized and composed of a DRRMO to be assisted by three (3) staff responsible for: (1) administration and training; (2) research and planning; and (3) operations and warning. The LDRRMOs and the BDRRMCs shall organize, train and directly supervise the local emergency response teams and the ACDVs.
SEC. 16. Declaration of State of Calamity.
The National Council shall recommend to the President of the Philippines the declaration of a cluster of barangays, municipalities, cities, provinces, and regions under a state of calamity, and the lifting thereof, based on the criteria set by the National Council. The President’s declaration may warrant international humanitarian assistance as deemed necessary.
The declaration and lifting of the state of calamity may also be issued by the local sanggunian, upon the recommendation of the LDRRMC, based on the results of the damage assessment and needs anaysis.
SEC. 17. Remedial Measures.
The declaration of a state of calamity shall make mandatory the immediate
undertaking of the following remedial measures by the member-agencies concerned as defined in this Act:
(a) Imposition of price ceiling on basic necessities and prime commodities by the President upon the recommendation of the implementing agency as provided for under Republic Act No. 7581, otherwise known as the “Price Act”, or the National Price Coordinating Council;
(b) Monitoring, prevention and control by the Local Price Coordination Council of overpricing/profiteering and hoarding of prime commodities, medicines and petroleum products;
(c) Programming/reprogramming of funds for the repair and safety upgrading of public infrastructures and facilities; and
(d) Granting of no-interest loans by government financing or lending institutions to the most affected section of the population through their cooperatives or people’s organizations.
SEC. 18. Mechanism for International Humanitarian Assistance.
(a) The importation and donation of food, clothing, medicine and equipment for relief and recovery and other disaster management and recovery-related supplies is hereby authorized in accordance with Section 105 of the Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines, as amended, and the prevailing provisions of the General Appropriations Act covering national internal revenue taxes and import duties of national and local government agencies; and
(b) Importations and donations under this section shall be considered as importation by and/or donation to the NDRRMC, subject to the approval of the Office of the President.
The role of LGUs, local councils during disasters
Published 1:55 PM, December 06, 2014
Updated 1:56 PM, Dec 06, 2014
Local government units are expected to be at the frontline of emergency measures in the aftermath of disasters, according to the 1991 Local Government Code
MANILA, Philippines – When a disaster hits the country, it’s not always the national government that acts first.
The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) is tasked to come up with a framework for disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM), as well as supervise preparations for, and responses to, natural calamities and human-induced disasters.
However, local government units (LGUs) are expected to be at the frontline of emergency measures in the aftermath of disasters to ensure the general welfare of its constituents, according to the Local Government Code of 1991.
As first responders, they should be proactive in performing disaster-related activities, from preemptive evacuation to the restoration of people’s livelihood.
Every LGU should also create a Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan (LDRRMP) covering 4 aspects of DRRM as specified in NDRRMC’s framework, namely: disaster preparedness, response, prevention and mitigation, and rehabilitation and recovery.
These LDRRMPs should be consistent with the National DRRM Plan, and be implemented by Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Offices in every province, city and municipality in the country.
Republic Act 10121, the enabling law of NDRRMC, also provides for local DRRM councils, and specifies levels of coordination between NDRRMC and the local councils. The workflow and coordination is supposed to ensure and facilitate quick response before, during, and after disaster situations.
Read more about the roles of local officials and the function and composition of the local DRRM councils below.
Roles of local government officials during disasters Provincial Governors and City/Municipal Mayors
• Carry out such emergency measures as may be necessary during, and in the aftermath of, man-made and natural disasters and calamities
• Submit a report when unexpected events and situations arise at any time during the year, particularly when man-made or natural disasters or calamities affect the general welfare of the city, province, region or country
Provincial and City/Municipal Councils
• Provide relief services and assistance for victims during and in the aftermath of said disasters or calamities and their return to productive livelihood following said events;
• Adopt measures to protect the inhabitants of the city from the harmful effects of man-made or natural disasters and calamities
Other Local Officials
• Be at the frontline of delivery of services related to their line of work, particularly during, and in the aftermath of, man-made disasters and natural calamities
» Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund (LDRRM Fund)
• Local government units (LGUs) should set aside at least 5% of their estimated revenue from regular sources as LDRRM Fund to support pre-disaster preparedness programs and post-disaster activities
• 30% of the LDRRM Fund is allocated as Quick Response Fund (QRF) or stand-by fund for relief and recovery programs
• LDRRM Fund can be transferred to other LDRRMCs put under a state of calamity upon recommendation of the local disaster risk reduction and management office
• Unexpended LDRRM Fund shall accrue to a Special Trust Fund for LDRRMC activities within the next 5 years
• Any Special Trust Fund unutilized after 5 years shall revert back to the LGU’s general fund
» Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (LDRRMCs)
• Approve, monitor and evaluate the implementation of local DRRM plans
• Annually review, test and develop the local DRRM plans, consistent with other national and local planning programs
• Ensure the integration of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation into local development plans, programs and budgets as a strategy in sustainable development and poverty reduction
• Recommend the implementation of forced or preemptive evacuation of local residents, if necessary
• LGUs have the primary responsibility as first disaster responders
• Private sector and civil society groups shall work with NDRRMC and concerned local DRRMCs
Coordination between NDRRMC and local councils
The following take the lead in certain scenarios:
• Barangay Development Council, if one barangay is affected by a natural calamity or human-induced disaster
• City/Municipal DRRMC, if 2 or more barangays are affected
• Provincial DRRMC, if 2 or more cities/municipalities are affected
• Regional DRRMC, if 2 or more provinces are affected
• NDRRMC, if 2 or more regions are affected
» Composition of local councils
Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (RDRRMC)
Regions I to XII, CAR and CARAGA
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)
• Chairperson:Regional Director of the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) under the Department of National Defense (DND)
• Vice Chairpersons:Regional Directors of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA)
• Members:Executives of regional offices and regional field stations of the government agencies that are members of NDRRMC
• Chairperson:ARMM Governor
• Vice Chairpersons:Regional directors of DSWD, DILG and DOST, and the executive director of the Regional Planning and Development Office (RPDO)
• Chairperson: Chairman of the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA)
• Vice Chairperson: OCD Regional Director, National Capital Region (NCR)
o Executives of MMDA departments/offices/field stations operating in NCR
o All other national government agencies operating in NCR
Provincial/City/Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council
Not limited to the following:
• Chairperson: Local chief executive (Governor or Mayor)
o Local Planning and Development Officer
o Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Officer
o Local social welfare and development officer
o Local health officer
o Local agriculture officer
o Local gender and development officer
o Local engineering officer
o Local veterinary officer
o Local budget officer
o Division Head/Schools Superintendent/District Supervisor of the DepEd
o Highest-ranking officer of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) in the area
o Provincial/City Director or Component City/Municipal Chief of the Philippine National Police (PNP)
o Provincial Director or City/Municipal Fire Marshall of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)
o President, Liga ng mga Barangay
o Representative of the Philippine Red Cross
o Four (4) accredited civil service organizations (CSOs)
o One (1) private sector representative
o Optional Members:
o Provincial Director or City/Municipal officer of the DILG and the DENR
o Local official of the Philippine Coast Guard or Philippine Forest Guard
o A representative of the Sangguniang Bayan or Lungsod (city or municipal council)
Barangay Development Council (BDC)
• Chairperson: Barangay captain
o the Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council)
o representatives of NGOs operating in the barangay (they will constitute not less than ¼ of the whole barangay council
o a representative of the Congressman of the legislative district where the barangay is situated
Sources: Republic Act 10121, Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 10121,Local Government Code of 1991